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Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer is a malignant tumor, which take shape because of the collection of cancer cells, arising from the cells of the breast. Breast Cancer predominantly occurs in women but it happens in men too, it can affect nearly every part of a body. There are many types of breast cancer, which differs on the basis of capability of spreading (metastasize) to other body tissues. Causes of breast cancer are not fully extracted, although a number of risk factors have been identified. Approximately 25.8 per 100,000 women breast cancer cases diagnoses per year in India.


SYMPTOMS OR SIGNS


Breast cancer does not always produce symptoms, sometimes masses are so small that woman cannot recognize as there are no recognizable changes in the breast. Some symptoms are


  1. A lump in breast or armpit
  2. Bloody nipple discharge
  3. Inverted nipple
  4. Orange peel texture or dimpling of breast’s skin
  5. Breast Pain or sore nipples
  6. Swollen Lymph nodes on the neck and armpit
  7. Change in the size or shape of breast or nipple.

REASON FOR BREAST CANCER


Exact reasons for breast cancer has not been identified yet, there is no much information available on causes of breast cancer and how these factors develop cancer cells, there are some risk factors available with us only:


  1. Normal breast cell can become cancerous because of mutations in DNA, these DNA Changes are inherited and vital in life.
  2. Proto-oncogene help cell grows, if these cells mutate, it can increase the growth of cells without any control, and such uncontrolled cell growth can lead to cancer.

Risk Factors for breast cancer


  1. Alcohol Use
  2. Increasing age
  3. Family History
  4. Personal history
  5. Menstruation cycle at a younger age as on 12 and menopause at the later age as 55.
  6. Dense breast tissue
  7. Oral contraceptives
  8. Being overweight

BREAST ONCOLOGY


There are lots of different surgical options available for breast cancer patients. Breast cancer surgery depends on the type of cancer as well as on stage of that.


Although there are lots of options available for breast cancer surgical procedure, we at Zanish Hospital, prefer Breast Conservative surgery and Modified Radical Mastectomy for minimum loss and maximum benefits of surgery.


Brest conservative surgery:


In Conservative surgery surgeon only removes the specific part of the breast, just a completely different angle in the comparison of traditional surgeries, it is referred to as partial mastectomy, the surgical area is determined on the basis of size and location of a tumor.


In Lumpectomy, a surgeon removes only breast lump and some surrounding tissue, generally, radiation therapy follows lumpectomies.


Modified radical mastectomy:


In Modified radical mastectomy surgeon removes axillary lymph nodes in addition to the breast tissue; decision of surgical area depends on the patient’s cancer stage also. Normally a surgeon gives a choice for lumpectomy and mastectomy, Lumpectomy allows sparing of the breast but generally demands radiation therapy.


Reconstructive surgery after Cancer treatment:


Breast cancer patients can choose Breast reconstructive surgery any time after their cancer surgery, patient may decide for Reconstructive surgery immediately after cancer treatment or after one month or after several years. During reconstruction a plastic surgeon creates a breast shape with the help of artificial implant which is called implant reconstruction or a flap of tissue from another place of the patient’s body, it is call autologous reconstruction.


At Zanish Hospital, Ahmedabad we provide surgical procedures for Breast cancer treatment as well as reconstructive surgeries also.