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Uro Oncology

Urology which is also known as genitourinary surgery is the branch of medicine which includes surgical solutions of the male and female urinary tract system and the male reproductive organs. Urologic Oncology involves diagnosis and treatment of cancers of the urinary system and male sexual system. Common urological cancers are prostate cancer, bladder cancer, kidney cancer, testis cancer and others. AS per the medical data, urological cancers are diagnosed in 30,000 patients every year.


SYMPTOMS OR SIGNS


Urological cancers include list of cancers, main symptoms of some are following:


Prostate Cancer


  1. Elderly age
  2. Specific Race/ Ethnicity
  3. Geography
  4. Family history
  5. Gene Changes

Bladder Cancer


  1. Tobacco smoking
  2. Obesity
  3. Bladder tumors result because of occupational exposure at workplace as with Benzidine or Naphthylamine as bus drivers, hair dressers, motor mechanics and others.

Kidney Cancer


  1. Smoking
  2. Obesity
  3. Hypertension
  4. Kidney failure treatment
  5. Family History of Kidney Cancer

Penile Cancer


  1. 60 or elder age
  2. Phimosis, a condition in which the foreskin of penis cannot be pulled back over the glans.
  3. Tobacco usage
  4. Having multiple sex partners
  5. Poor personal hygiene.

Testicular Cancer


  1. Abnormal cells in the testicle.
  2. Fertility Problems.
  3. Family history
  4. Hypospadias
  5. Inguinal hernia
  6. HIV /AIDS
  7. Having undescended testicles increases risk of Testicular cancer.


Urological Cancer covers types of cancer, so treatment would be varied one to other. In maximum cases doctors at Zanish Hospital use single or combination of therapy from following list of treatments:


  1. Active surveillance or watchful waiting
  2. Immunotherapy
  3. Brachy-therapy
  4. Laparoscopic surgery
  5. Robot assisted surgery
  6. Traditional open surgery
  7. Chemotherapy
  8. Endoscopic treatments
  9. Reconstructive surgery
  10. Cryosurgery
  11. High Intensity Focused Ultrasound
  12. Diversionary surgery
  13. And others.